To be productive, safe, responsible and sustainable, the coal mining industry must live alongside thriving communities. Healthy community relationships, although complex, can and have been rewarding to the coal mining industry and its host communities.
Coal mining companies in collaboration with national and local government, non-government organisations (NGOs) and community leaders have honoured their commitment to improving the lives of host community members through sustainable development initiatives and capital contributions to targeted projects.
Projects include but are not limited to:
The coal industry, in its own capacity and through its supply chain, makes a significant effort to award historical disadvantaged South Africans (HDSAs) and qualified BEE candidates with beneficial contracts.
In line with South African mining industry norms, the coal mining industry does not believe that community contributions and projects should be dictate by companies. A great amount of time and energy is put into ensuring that the relevant community members participate in aligning coal mining industry and government priorities with community aspirations.
Community development plans and spend are frequently assessed to ensure that the desired outcomes have been achieved and that adverse impacts (if any) have been adequately managed.
Social and labour plans (SLPs) are one of industry’s most effective community empowerment mechanisms. SLPs outline the resources mining companies plan to dedicated towards community upliftment over a five-year period. SLPs are approved by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) and a requirement for a company to maintain its mining license.
The funds allocated to SLP expenditure are intended to make a tangible difference in community members lives and in conjunction with other corporate social investment, engagement and opportunities, are meant to provide mines with their social license to operate (SLO). A SLO is the level of acceptance or approval by local communities and stakeholders of mining companies and their operations and is a critical success factor for all mines.
Contributions are made through financial resource allocation (as outlined in SLPs or other CSI projects) and in providing opportunities for education or career development. In 2017 the coal mining industry employed 82,248 people and paid R22 billion in salaries. The jobs created and the salaries earned by employees are redistributed throughout communities and strengthen local businesses. Educational support is provided to suitable candidates at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Mines also provide skills development training and learnerships. Scholarships and bursaries are used to address the skills shortage in the mining industry. Suitable candidates are provided with scholarships, internships or apprenticeships before finally joining companies as a permanent employee. Many of these students come from local communities.
Mining has a direct impact on the environment which if not manged properly can have adverse impacts on communities by limiting access to heritage sites or limiting access to natural resources such as water. The coal mining industry goes to great lengths to mitigate negative consequences faced by communities because of mining activities. In some instances mines and communities have worked together to preserve South Africa’s rich natural heritage. Mines have also created environmental management initiatives that provide employment to local community members and help protect the environment.